“UBUNTU,” is a word from the Xhosa language that loosely translates as “I am because you are.” It’s a word that expresses the solidarity of all people, made famous by Nelson Mandela. As an anti-apartheid revolutionary, the first black president of South Africa, and a philanthropist, he is a symbol of black resistance movements worldwide.
That’s why ONE activists have shared their favourite Mandela quotes on social media. From Nigeria to Canada, Mandela’s words inspire young people in their activism globally. Here are five of the most frequently shared quotes and some more details on Mandela’s legacy.
Nelson Mandela was born on 18 July 1918 as Rolihlahla Mandela in Mvezo, a village in eastern South Africa. Mandela grew up as a member of the royal family at the Thembu court. He was given the name Nelson during a Christian naming on his first day at school. He grew up as a devout Christian, influenced by Xhosa culture and traditions, in times of increasingly harsh segregation policies in South Africa.
After graduating from school, Mandela took a detour to study at Fort Hare University. While there, he was suspended after being involved in a student protest.
To escape a forced marriage, Mandela fled to Johannesburg. There he found a job as a legal clerk and continued his studies. He was the only black student to study law at the University of the Witwatersrand. There he became politicised due to racial discrimination and joined the ANC (African National Congress) party in 1944. He joined alongside Oliver Tambo and Walter Sisulu.
“As long as poverty, injustice, [and] gross inequality persist in our world, none of us can truly rest.“
In 1948, the National Party government passed apartheid laws. These laid the final stone of the institutionalised and legalised segregation policy. They implemented the discrimination policies of the openly racist government. Mandela fought against apartheid and for those oppressed and affected by systematic discrimination.
In 1952, he started the Defiance Campaign. These were a series of peaceful protests by people of color who demanded equal rights for all South Africans. Their protest was violently suppressed by the order of the National Party. Mandela was sentenced to a nine-month suspended sentence for his role in the campaign.
Over the next few years, Mandela moved on to become a lawyer for black South Africans, in particular, in addition to his political work. After the political situation worsened and the ANC was banned by the government, Mandela became a co-founder of the MK, a militant branch of the ANC that planned and held protests against the government.
In 1962, Mandela was arrested again and sentenced to life imprisonment on Robben Island during the Rivonia Trial in 1962. During his imprisonment, demonstrations and riots raged worldwide demanding Mandela’s release. After 27 years, the South African government bowed to global pressure and released Mandela on 11 February 1990. This coincides with the reintroduction of opposition parties, such as the ANC, and marked the beginning of the gradual abolition of the apartheid regime over the next few years.
For his decades of political resistance, Mandela was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993. On 27 April 1994, he was allowed to vote for the first time at the age of 47 in the first public election. The ANC received the majority of the votes and Nelson Mandela became the first black and democratically elected president of South Africa. He founded the Truth and Reconciliation Commission to investigate the human rights violations committed under apartheid and enacted national programs to reform the government itself, the social system, and housing and property conditions.
In 1999, after only one term in office, Mandela resigned as planned. He went on to spend the rest of his life as an activist, particularly in the fight against AIDS. He remained involved as a philanthropist until his death in 2013.
Today Mandela is a symbol of resistance and a source of inspiration. He is an example of how a single person can change the world. ONE activists globally use social media to remind people of Mandela’s legacy and to take his actions and words as a role model to heart. After all, “It is in your hands to make our world a better one for all.”
For more information on Nelson Mandela’s legacy, please refer to the Nelson Mandela Foundation, which continues Mandela’s work. We also recommend Mandela’s biography “Long Walk to Freedom” and the accompanying documentation.