1. RESOURCES FOR AFRICA’S DEVELOPMENT ARE DANGEROUSLY IN DECLINE
This year’s 2017 DATA Report shows that across aid, domestic revenues, and FDI combined, resources to support African countries’ development have dropped by 22% since 2012. Meanwhile, Africa’s population has increased by 14%.
2. GLOBAL AID REACHED AN ALL-TIME HIGH, BUT THE PROPORTION GOING TO THE POOREST COUNTRIES FELL
Global ODA reached an all-time high of $140.1 billion in 2016 – a 7.4% increase from 2015 in real terms. At the same time, aid is not being allocated to the countries where it is needed most. The share of aid to the poorest countries has continued to decline, from 32% of all aid going to least developed countries in 2013 to 28% in 2016, and the share of aid to Africa declined from 33% in 2015 to 32% in 2016.
3. DOMESTIC REVENUES IN AFRICA HAVE PLUMMETED
The fall in commodity prices after 2013 resulted in a devastating 23.6% decrease (in current prices) in total domestic revenues in Africa between 2012 and 2015. Most African countries are also falling short on their commitments to invest their own resources in key areas such as health, education and agriculture, which are critical in the fight against extreme poverty.
4. FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT IN AFRICA IS THE LOWEST OF ANY REGION
For every dollar of global FDI in 2016, just three cents went to Africa. Inflows to the continent have been volatile and unevenly distributed. Except for a few mostly resource-rich, countries, such as Angola, the vast majority of LDCs and fragile states struggle to attract investment. Just six countries—of which five are resource-rich—accounted for 75% of FDI inflows into all 42 African LDCs and/or fragile states in 2016.