This morning—less than two weeks before World AIDS Day—UNAIDS released their annual Global Report, which provides a comprehensive look at where we stand in the AIDS epidemic. As always, it’s stacked with useful data on a variety of topics, but this year’s report doesn’t include many of the new headline stats that we’re used to at this time of year, including the new total number of people on antiretroviral treatment and the number of new HIV infections in the year. That’s because, strategically, UNAIDS shared those figures early this year, timed to be released around the International AIDS Conference in July as the media was watching.
As a result, we’ve dug into this report in a different way, looking to highlight some of the more interesting stats and angles on which we might not normally focus. In particular, we’ve pulled out some key—and in some cases, eye-popping—stats about how the AIDS epidemic is impacting marginalized populations and how far we still need to go in terms of improving the legal frameworks and rights for people living with HIV/AIDS. By the numbers:
People who inject drugs have 22 times the rate of HIV infection as the general population in 49 countries with available data.
Children of mothers in marginalized populations experience HIV transmission nearly 2.5 times higher than in the general population.
In sub-Saharan Africa, only 46% of the people living with both HIV and TB were able to access AIDS treatment.
In 2010–2011, international funding accounted for 92% of all spending on HIV programs for men who have sex with men, suggesting that many impacted countries are not doing enough to finance programs for their own marginalized populations.
Only 10% of countries are effectively engaging men and boys in their national AIDS response.
Female sex workers are 13.5 times more likely to be living with HIV than are other women.
In Swaziland and the United Republic of Tanzania, nearly 1 in 3 girls and women aged 13–24 years reported experiencing at least one incident of sexual violence before age 18.
Discrimination and Legal Rights
Nearly 4 in 10 countries worldwide still lack any specific legal provisions to prevent or address HIV-related discrimination
In 2012, about 60 countries had laws criminalizing HIV transmission.
Laws in 20 countries provide for deporting individuals discovered to be living with HIV.
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